Receiving compulsory mental health treatment can be lonely and distressing. It is important to know that you have rights and options.
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What is a compulsory treatment order?
A treatment order lets a hospital or mental health clinic give you treatment even if you don’t want it. There are different types of treatment orders. The main difference is where you are treated:
- community treatment order – a community treatment order lets a service give you compulsory treatment while you are in the community
- inpatient treatment order – an inpatient treatment order means that you must stay in hospital while you get compulsory treatment.
Decisions about compulsory treatment orders are usually made by a psychiatrist in a public clinical mental health service or the Mental Health Tribunal.
Do I have rights?
Yes. Under the law you have rights and protections. Three important rights here are:
- to be told why you have been placed on a treatment order. You can ask to have a conversation with your psychiatrist about this
- to apply to have your treatment order revoked or changed by the tribunal
- to have a second psychiatric opinion
How can I talk to my psychiatrist about my treatment order?
Under the law, the psychiatrist must explain to you why you have been placed on a treatment order. You can ask the psychiatrist to explain why you meet the 'treatment criteria'.
What are the treatment criteria?
To be on a treatment order, you must meet all four criteria:
- you have a mental illness
- because of your mental illness you need immediate treatment to prevent:
- serious deterioration in your mental or physical health, or
- to prevent serious harm to you or another person
- the prosposed treatment will be given to you if you are put on a treatment order
- there is no less restrictive way, reasonably available, for you to get treatment that is needed.
How can I appeal my treatment order?
You can apply for the tribunal to revoke your order by filling out a form. You can ask the mental health staff for their help to get and fill out this form.
How can I get a second psychiatric opinion?
You have the right to a second psychiatric opinion. The opinion assesses whether you meet the treatment criteria, and whether your treatment needs to change.
Three common ways to get a second opinion are:
- Second Psychiatric Opinion Service () – you can ask for a free and independent second psychiatric opinion or visit their website
- internal second opinion – you can ask another psychiatrist at the mental health service to agree to meet with you
- private psychiatrist – if you know a private psychiatrist, you can contact them. You may want to ask if they can bulk bill you, or you may need to pay yourself. The can help you find a psychiatrist.
You can download our template to prepare your own notes for your Second Psychiatric Opinion Service appointment
Download this fact sheet
This fact sheet is available in IMHA design or First Nations design.
Reviewed 22 October 2023