Independent Mental Health Advocacy

Speaking up for your rights

Learn about our six-step self-advocacy model. Speak up for you rights and what you want.

Receiving compulsory mental health treatment can be lonely and distressing, you may feel like you have no say in what happens to you. But you do have rights under the Victorian Mental Health and Wellbeing Act 2022 (the Act) to speak up and be involved in your treatment.

What is self-advocacy?

Self-advocacy involves asking for what you need, negotiating and knowing your rights. You can do it on your own or with the support of an advocate or other person.

Know your rights

You can learn more about your rights with the following resources:

  • a copy of your order – you must be given a copy of your order when you are put under a compulsory treatment order. This explains why the psychiatrist believes that you should receive compulsory treatment
  • know your rights – read our Know your rights information, ask your mental health service or call 1800 959 353 to hear a free recording of your rights
  • statement of rights – you must be given a copy of your statement of rights when you are put under a compulsory treatment order. If you haven’t been given a copy, you can ask your treating team, or find it on the Department of HealthExternal Link websiteExternal Link .
  • Mental Health Principles – Mental Health and Wellbeing Act, part 1.5 has principles that explain what all mental health services and bodies should follow.

For more information, speak to a staff member or IMHA advocate.

What you can do to self-advocate

Ask questions and take notes

It’s difficult to make your own decisions if you don’t have important information. You can prepare questions for meetings and write down the answers

Go to the right decision-maker

Make sure you go to the right person for your specific problem. For example, psychiatrists make decisions about compulsory treatment, medication and leave, while a nurse in charge makes decisions about your room or changing staff members

Make agreements

If you have a meeting, it can be useful to make a specific agreement. Ask staff to write it down or take your own notes

Make a complaint

You can make a compliant to the health service or the Mental Health and Wellbeing Commission (MHWC) by calling 1800 246 054 or visit Link . If you are considering making a complaint, read I want to make a complaint about my mental health service.

Ask for a second opinion

You can ask for the health service to arrange a second opinion or contact the Second Opinion Psychiatric Service (SPOS) by calling 1300 503 426 or emailing

Useful resources

Download our self-advocacy model and plan

Our self-advocacy model and plan are available in IMHA design or First Nations design.

Stories about people speaking up for their rights

Farah's story

Farah has been receiving mental health services for 25 years. Farah says her current case manager has been treating her badly by not listening to her and being rude.

Farah has recently learnt that she has rights. She sits down and prepares her self-advocacy plan using the Know your rights resources.

Read Farah's story.

Emmanuel’s story

Emmanuel was brought to a Secure Extended Unit (SECU) four months ago. Since being in there, the treating team has been increasing Emmanuel’s medication. The treating team are concerned that the medications might create physical health issues for Emmanuel, so they want to keep him in the SECU to be monitored.

Emmanuel disagrees with the treating team about this medication increase and wants to be treated voluntarily in the community. Emmanuel decides that he needs to speak up.

Read Emmanuel's story.

Alex's story

Alex is on an inpatient treatment order (in the hospital) and wants to change their psychiatrist. Alex wants to change psychiatrist because the psychiatrist is not listening to Alex nor supporting their goals.

Read Alex's story.

Get help from IMHA

If you are on a compulsory treatment order, our advocates can support you to have your say about your assessment, treatment and recovery. Learn how to get help from IMHA.

Reviewed 25 August 2023